Divine Honours for the Caesars

The First Christians’ Responses by Bruce W. Winter

Gaius and Lucius Aphrodisias frieze

Gaius and Lucius Aphrodisias frieze

Aphrodisias, Turkey

Discussed on pp. 168, 175–81, 189–90

On the left is Gaius Caesar, elder grandson of Augustus, his appointed heir, portrayed naked to indicate imperial divine status, wearing a cloak and holding an orb in his left hand symbolising his ruling the world. On the right is Lucius his younger brother, Augustus’ next heir who in his right hand holds a ship’s stern a symbol of naval victory.